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Research

From examining the role of trauma in justice involvement for young people, to chronicling states’ progress toward reducing prison populations, to highlighting the system's stark racial disparities, JPI stays at the cutting edge of the debate on criminal and juvenile justice reform through the ongoing publication of timely, accessible research.

Here, you can use find JPI’s reports, briefs and factsheets on the most pressing criminal and juvenile justice issues.

Billion Dollar Divide: Virginia's Sentencing, Corrections and Criminal Justice Challenge
Billion Dollar Divide points to racial disparities, skewed fiscal priorities, and missed opportunities for improvements through proposed legislation, and calls for reforms to the commonwealth…
Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair
Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair points to reforms that, if implemented, would result in relief for Virginians directly impacted by the justice system and taxpayers alike.
BAIL REFORM UPDATE 2013: Pretrial Services Programs Refined and Expanded Their Reach, while the Bail Industry Continued to Fight Forfeiture Collection and Non-financial Release
This brief provides an update on pretrial and bail reform over the last year as a follow up to JPI's 2012 Bail Month Report Series.
Fostering Change: How Investing In D.C.’s Child Welfare System Can Keep Kids Out of the Prison Pipeline
Children in Washington, D.C.’s child welfare system are at greater risk for involvement in the justice system due to abuse, neglect and home removal that stem from conditions of poverty,…
Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut: How Collaboration and Commitment Have Improved Public Safety and Outcomes for Youth
Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut highlights the past two decades of Connecticut’s successful efforts to improve responses to youth who engage in delinquent behavior and to reduce the…
Two New Reports Show Juvenile Confinement Reform in Five States
Removing young people who engage in delinquent behavior from their homes and communities and incarcerating them, is no longer the status quo in five states, say two new reports by JPI.
Measured Responses: Why increasing law enforcement in schools is not an effective public safety response to the Newtown tragedy
In light of the horrific school shootings this month in Newtown, Connecticut, some have called for increasing armed police presence in schools. School safety should be a priority: it is not only…
Drop in Crime Continues in the U.S.
Crime continues to drop throughout the United States, according to the full 2011 Uniform Crime Report released by the FBI on October 29, 2012. The Justice Policy Institute (JPI), a Washington, D.C.…
JPI Bail Report Series
JPI published three reports on the U.S. bail system in an effort to raise public awareness on an issue that is not often highlighted -- and one that most people do not fully understand.
Bailing on Baltimore: Voices from the Front Lines of the Justice System
Third report in the series on bail that connects the first two quantitative reports on money bail and the for-profit bail industry to the actual experiences of people who have been involved in the…
For Better or For Profit: How the Bail Bonding Industry Stands in the Way of Fair and Effective Pretrial Justice
Second in series on bail recommends the U.S. should end for-profit bail bonding; promote and further institutionalize pretrial services; and require greater transparency within the industry.
Bail Fail: Why the U.S. Should End the Practice of Using Money for Bail
JPI's newest analysis shows that the practice of using money to decide release while awaiting trial unfairly impacts low-income communities.
Mindful of the Consequences: How Improving the Mental Health of D.C. Youth Benefits the District
This brief examines the intersection of youth mental health and the justice system in Washington, D.C.
United States Continuing to Overspend on Police, Despite Decreasing Crime Rates
Although crime rates are at the lowest they have been in over 30 years, the number of arrests has declined only slightly between 2009 and 20102 and the U.S. still spends more than $100 billion on…
Working for a Better Future: How expanding employment opportunities for D.C’s youth creates public safety benefits for all residents
This brief examines the intersection of youth employment and public safety in Washington, D.C.
Behind the Times: President Obama's FY2013 Budget
Despite the fact that prison populations have fallen for the first time in 40 years, President Obama’s FY2013 budget released this week devotes more than $27 billion to prison and policing.
The Education of D.C.: How Washington D.C.’s investments in education can help increase public safety.
This brief examines the intersection of education and public safety in Washington, D.C.
Wrong Track for Savings: How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private prisons, can put the brakes on correctional costs
How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private prisons, can put the brakes on correctional costs
Education Under Arrest: The Case Against Police in Schools
The presence of school resource officers in schools, drives up arrests, causes lasting harm to youth, and disrupts the educational process.

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