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Criminal Justice (Adult)

With nearly 2.4 million people incarcerated, the United States is home to the world’s highest incarceration rate. In total, 7 million people are under some form of correctional supervision, and a disproportionate number of these are people of color. With many policies driven by a desire to punish rather than knowledge of what improves community safety, and politics and profit playing an increasing role, the criminal justice system costs too much, doesn’t work, and isn’t fair. Here you can find information on policies, practices and alternatives to the justice system-based solutions to social problems.


Issue in Focus: Bail Reform

JPI Report Highlights

   

 

 

 

State Efforts

   
 

 


 

 

 

 

 


JPI Reports:

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DC Crime Emergency In Context
The Mayor’s emergency proposal to crackdown on D.C. youth through an historic erosion of youth protections, and increased surveillance and policing is not justified by crime data or best…
2005 Crime Rise in Context
This factsheet includes bindings based on a longer timeline as context for policy choices that may impact crime and public safety.
Tipping Point: Maryland's Overuse of Incarceration and the Impact on Public Safety
This policy brief highlights the large number of people being removed from Maryland communities and its impact on public safety.
3 Strikes & You're Out: An Examination of the Impact of Strikes Laws 10 years after their Enactment
In 1993, the state of Washington passed the nation's first "Three Strikes and You're Out" law by voter initiative.
Swing States: Crime, Prisons and the Future of the Nation
There are nearly 7 million people under correctional supervision in America, more people than in our eight least populous states combined. Organized differently, these people would have 16 votes in…
New York City's Alternative Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs and Help People and Communities
Alternative to Incarceration Programs (ATIs) are an integral part of the strategy that has allowed the City to reduce crime, reduce jail and prison populations, and help individuals and neighborhoods…
Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes
While other states’ “Three Strikes” laws only applied to serious or violent offenses, California’s required sentences to be doubled for any felony.
Observations and Options for Relieving Overcrowding Among Alabama Female Prisoners
Even after paroling over 300 female prisoners this spring and sending 300 female prisoners to private prisons out of state, the prison facilities for female prisoners in Alabama are still operating…
Texas Tough: 3 Years Later
Texas’ prison population is once again on the rise, and state legislators and policymakers are at a crossroads: either policy changes will be enacted to reduce the state’s incarcerated…
Deep Impact: Quantifying the Effect of Prison Expansion in the South
From 1980 to 2002, the number of people incarcerated in the nation’s prisons, jails, juvenile facilities and detention centers quadrupled in size—from roughly 500,000 to 2.1 million…
Returning Adult Offenders in DC: A Road Map to Neighborhood Based Reentry
This report seeks to determine the extent to which D.C. residents and criminal justice policymakers favor deepening and expanding the pool of community-based services for the supervision and…
Studies on Halfway Houses
As housing value trends show, actual sale prices have continued to rise in neighborhoods within the District where halfway houses operate.
Too Little Too Late: President Clinton's Prison Legacy
The latest criminal justice statistics show that it was actually Democratic President Bill Clinton who implemented arguably the most punitive platform on crime in the last two decades.
Texas Tough: An Analysis of Incarceration and Crime Trends in The Lone Star State
Since 1990, nearly one in five new prisoners added to the nation’s prisons (18%) was in Texas.
The Punishing Decade: Prison and Jail Estimates at the Millennium
As the century draws to a close, we can safely predict that America will end the 1990s by having put more people behind bars than in any other decade in our history.
America's One Million Nonviolent Prisoners
Most of the growth in America’s prisons since 1978 is accounted for by nonviolent offenders and 1998 is the first year in which America’s prisons and jails incarcerated more than 1…
Half-Truths:The Complicated Story of D.C.'s Halfway House "Escapees"
In an analysis of escapees from DC halfway housesm, we discovered a mixture of legitimate concerns, crossed lines of authority, and scanty data. However, we also found errors that undermine the…
Striking Out: The Failure of California’s “Three Strikes and You’re Out” Law
The law was dubbed “three-strikes and you’re out” because of its provision requiring 25 to life prison terms for defendants convicted of any felony who were already convicted of two…

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