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Criminal Justice (Adult)

With nearly 2.4 million people incarcerated, the United States is home to the world’s highest incarceration rate. In total, 7 million people are under some form of correctional supervision, and a disproportionate number of these are people of color. With many policies driven by a desire to punish rather than knowledge of what improves community safety, and politics and profit playing an increasing role, the criminal justice system costs too much, doesn’t work, and isn’t fair.

Here, you can find JPI reports, briefs and factsheets on the adult criminal justice system and policies, practices and alternatives to the justice system-based solutions to social problems.

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For Immediate Release: How to Safely Reduce Prison Populations and Support People Returning to Their Communities
Reducing prison populations and maintaining public safety can both be accomplished while allowing state taxpayers to save money with more effective programs, group says.
Factsheet on 2009 FBI Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report
Drop in crime comes as states seek ways to reduce prison populations and improve savings for state budgets.
Fact Sheet: DOJ Report on Prisoners in 2008
The Department of Justice released its annual survey of prisons this week, reporting that more than 1.6 million people are currently incarcerated in a federal or state prison. The report shows that…
Fact Sheet: Response to 2008 FBI Uniform Crime Report (Full)
The full 2008 FBI Uniform Crime Report was released Monday, September 14, 2009 with the positive news that the United States experienced a 1.9 percent decline in violent crimes and a 0.8 percent…
Bearing Witness: Baltimore City’s Residents Give Voice
Bearing Witness is the culmination of interviews with people from Baltimore City about their experiences with the criminal justice system. Compared to the rest of Maryland, Baltimore City faces a…
The Release Valve: Parole in Maryland
In the current difficult economic situation, states are searching for ways to reduce spending while maintaining safe communities. With a $68 billion prison system holding over 2.3 million people in…
Fact Sheet: Response to 2008 FBI Uniform Crime Report
The FBI Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report was released Monday, January 12th with the news that the United States experienced a 3.5 percent decline in the number of reported violent offenses…
Moving Target: A Decade of Resistance to the Prison Industrial Complex
For the past 10 years, Critical Resistance has helped advocates imagine the possibility of a world without bars. If our country is to truly reclaim its communities, the criminal justice system must…
Factsheet: Response to 2007 FBI Uniform Crime Report
The FBI Uniform Crime Report was released Monday, September 15th with the news that the United States experienced a 1.4 percent decline in the violent crime rate and a 2.1 percent decline in the…
Jailing Communities: The Impact of Jail Expansion and Effective Jail Expansion and Public Safety Strategies
Communities are bearing the cost of a massive explosion in the jail population which has nearly doubled in less than two decades. The research found that jails are now warehousing more people--who…
Fact Sheet: Response to 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report
The 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report generated concerns over a slight uptick in violent crimes. A one-year change in arrests cannot be interpreted as a “trend,” and that no single factor can…
Factsheet: Response to Preliminary 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report
The 2006 Preliminary FBI Uniform Crime Report is a survey of law enforcement agencies and includes only crimes reported to those agencies.
Fact Sheet: Percent Change in Incarceration and Crime Rates - State by State 1994-2004
Percent Change in Incarceration and Crime Rates, 1998-2007
Factsheet: Maryland Crime Ads in Context
This factsheet includes background data and findings to put the recent television and web-based campaign advertisements by the candidates for governor of Maryland into context.
Fact Sheet: Response to FBI's Uniform Crime Report
The recently released 2005 Uniform Crime Reports, a Justice Department survey administered by the FBI that shows national arrests trends, have renewed concern that crime is on the rise.
Crime Statistics and the Washington, D.C. "Crime Emergency:" What is the Real Crisis and How Should We Respond
Crime, the causes of crime, and potential solutions to the Districts’ crime problems are more complicated and nuanced than they have been portrayed by law enforcement and politicians during the…
You are Safer than You Think: Crime and Public Opinion on Fear of Crime
While the overall crime picture in Washington D.C. has not changed dramatically, the proportion of registered voters concerned about crime has surged, according to polling conducted by The Washington…
DC Crime Emergency In Context
The Mayor’s emergency proposal to crackdown on D.C. youth through an historic erosion of youth protections, and increased surveillance and policing is not justified by crime data or best…
2005 Crime Rise in Context
This factsheet includes bindings based on a longer timeline as context for policy choices that may impact crime and public safety.
Tipping Point: Maryland's Overuse of Incarceration and the Impact on Public Safety
This policy brief highlights the large number of people being removed from Maryland communities and its impact on public safety.
3 Strikes & You're Out: An Examination of the Impact of Strikes Laws 10 years after their Enactment
In 1993, the state of Washington passed the nation's first "Three Strikes and You're Out" law by voter initiative.
Swing States: Crime, Prisons and the Future of the Nation
There are nearly 7 million people under correctional supervision in America, more people than in our eight least populous states combined. Organized differently, these people would have 16 votes in…
New York City's Alternative Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs and Help People and Communities
Alternative to Incarceration Programs (ATIs) are an integral part of the strategy that has allowed the City to reduce crime, reduce jail and prison populations, and help individuals and…
Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes
While other states’ “Three Strikes” laws only applied to serious or violent offenses, California’s required sentences to be doubled for any felony.
Observations and Options for Relieving Overcrowding Among Alabama Female Prisoners
Even after paroling over 300 female prisoners this spring and sending 300 female prisoners to private prisons out of state, the prison facilities for female prisoners in Alabama are still operating…

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