Criminal Justice (Adult)
With nearly 2.4 million people incarcerated, the United States is home to the world’s highest incarceration rate. In total, 7 million people are under some form of correctional supervision, and a disproportionate number of these are people of color. With many policies driven by a desire to punish rather than knowledge of what improves community safety, and politics and profit playing an increasing role, the criminal justice system costs too much, doesn’t work, and isn’t fair.
Here, you can find JPI reports, briefs and factsheets on the adult criminal justice system and policies, practices and alternatives to the justice system-based solutions to social problems.
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Defining Violence: Reducing Incarceration by Rethinking America's Approach to Violence
- Aug 23, 2016
- In Defining Violence, JPI says it's impossible the U.S. will be able to lower its incarceration rate significantly without changing how the justice system treats violent crimes.
Parole Perspectives in Maryland: A Survey of People Who Returned to Prison from Parole and Community Supervision Agents
- May 12, 2015
- A new analysis from JPI shows the connection between efforts to reduce prison populations, connect people to work, and address the challenges of Baltimore’s distressed communities.
The Right Investment? Corrections Spending in Baltimore City
- Feb 25, 2015
- According to a new report released today by the Justice Policy Institute and the Prison Policy Initiative, Maryland taxpayers are spending $5 million or more to incarcerate people from each of about…
Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration
- Dec 9, 2014
- Our new report, Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration, provides estimates of the overall costs resulting from the negative outcomes associated with youth…
JPI "Maryland Month" Series
- Oct 1, 2014
- JPI named September 2014 "Maryland Month" and published a series of factsheets and graphics highlighting various aspects of the Maryland justice system.
Billion Dollar Divide: Virginia's Sentencing, Corrections and Criminal Justice Challenge
- Justice Policy Institute, Apr 2, 2014
- Billion Dollar Divide points to racial disparities, skewed fiscal priorities, and missed opportunities for improvements through proposed legislation, and calls for reforms to the commonwealth…
Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair
- Spike Bradford, Nov 13, 2013
- Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair points to reforms that, if implemented, would result in relief for Virginians directly impacted by the justice system and taxpayers alike.
BAIL REFORM UPDATE 2013: Pretrial Services Programs Refined and Expanded Their Reach, while the Bail Industry Continued to Fight Forfeiture Collection and Non-financial Release
- Spike Bradford, Sep 30, 2013
- This brief provides an update on pretrial and bail reform over the last year as a follow up to JPI's 2012 Bail Month Report Series.
Incarceration Generation Timeline
- JPI, Jun 24, 2013
- The Justice Policy Institute's 2013 published "Incarceration Generation," a coffee-table book of essays detailing the rise of mass incarceration over the last 40 years, features this pull-out…
Measured Responses: Why increasing law enforcement in schools is not an effective public safety response to the Newtown tragedy
- Dec 22, 2012
- In light of the horrific school shootings this month in Newtown, Connecticut, some have called for increasing armed police presence in schools. School safety should be a priority: it is not only…
Drop in Crime Continues in the U.S.
- Nov 1, 2012
- Crime continues to drop throughout the United States, according to the full 2011 Uniform Crime Report released by the FBI on October 29, 2012. The Justice Policy Institute (JPI), a Washington, D.C.…
JPI Bail Report Series
- Oct 5, 2012
- JPI published three reports on the U.S. bail system in an effort to raise public awareness on an issue that is not often highlighted -- and one that most people do not fully understand.
Bailing on Baltimore: Voices from the Front Lines of the Justice System
- Jean Chung, Sep 26, 2012
- Third report in the series on bail that connects the first two quantitative reports on money bail and the for-profit bail industry to the actual experiences of people who have been involved in the…
For Better or For Profit: How the Bail Bonding Industry Stands in the Way of Fair and Effective Pretrial Justice
- Spike Bradford, Sep 18, 2012
- Second in series on bail recommends the U.S. should end for-profit bail bonding; promote and further institutionalize pretrial services; and require greater transparency within the industry.
Bail Fail: Why the U.S. Should End the Practice of Using Money for Bail
- Melissa Neal, Justice Policy Institute, Sep 11, 2012
- JPI's newest analysis shows that the practice of using money to decide release while awaiting trial unfairly impacts low-income communities.
United States Continuing to Overspend on Police, Despite Decreasing Crime Rates
- Justice Policy Institute, May 22, 2012
- Although crime rates are at the lowest they have been in over 30 years, the number of arrests has declined only slightly between 2009 and 20102 and the U.S. still spends more than $100 billion on…
Wrong Track for Savings: How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private prisons, can put the brakes on correctional costs
- Justice Policy Institute, Feb 7, 2012
- How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private prisons, can put the brakes on correctional costs
When Treatment is Punishment: The Effects of Maryland's Incompetency to Stand Trial Policies and Practices
- Nastassia Walsh, Justice Policy Institute, Oct 12, 2011
- In FY2010, the Maryland Mental Hygiene Administration provided 789 pretrial screenings and evaluations for incompetency to stand trial, 77 percent of which were for the District Courts...
Crime, Incarceration Down in 2010
- Justice Policy Institute, Sep 19, 2011
- According to FBI Uniform Crime report data released today, violent and property crimes are down across the country while states are reducing prison populations.
Gaming the System: How the Political Strategies of Private Prison Companies Promote Ineffective Incarceration Policies
- Paul Ashton, Justice Policy Institute, Jun 22, 2011
- Report examining how private prison companies wield influence over legislators and policy, ultimately resulting in harsher criminal justice policies and the incarceration of more people.
Due South: Looking to the South for Criminal Justice Innovations
- Justice Policy Institute, May 24, 2011
- Recognizing the significant costs associated with high incarceration rates, a number of Southern states have implemented innovative strategies for reducing prison and jail populations.
FBI: Crime Fell in 2010
- Justice Policy Institute, May 23, 2011
- According to the FBI's annual Uniform Crime Report, violent and property crime is down nationally. This comes at a time when state prison populations feel and states spent less money on corrections.
Creating the Roadmap for Reduction: Reducing the Number of Women in Prison in Alabama
- Justice Policy Institute, Apr 27, 2011
- This brief is a summary of the process that JPI used to develop recommendations and support their implementation, as well as a summary of how the recommendations worked to reduce the number of women…
Finding Direction: Expanding Criminal Justice Options by Considering Policies of Other Nations
- Amanda Petteruti, Justice Policy Institute, Apr 20, 2011
- Amidst a fiscal crisis and dropping crime rates, policymakers in the U.S. ought to consider looking outside its borders for examples of effective criminal justice policies.
Documentary: Blocking the Exit
- Justice Policy Institute & Maryland Restorative Justice Initiative, Feb 24, 2011
- A documentary to better understand the profound impact that requiring Governor approval of parole for lifers has had in Maryland.
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