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DC Crime Emergency In Context

The Mayor’s emergency proposal to crackdown on D.C. youth through an historic erosion of youth protections, and increased surveillance and policing is not justified by crime data or best practices for enhancing public safety.

Proposition 36: Five Years Later

While the United States still carries the dubious distinction of leading the world in imprisonment, recent changes to sentencing in a number of states may signal that the country is turning the corner.

Cost-Effective Youth Corrections: Rationalizing the Fiscal Architecture of Juvenile Justice Systems

A number of states have shown that by rethinking how they fund their juvenile justice systems, states and localities can succeed in keeping more youth at home, reduce the number of youth incarcerated, and promote better outcomes for young people moving through these systems.

Disparity by Design: How Drug-Free Zone Laws impact Racial Disparity-and Fail to Protect Youth

Thanks to the work of concerned policymakers and reform advocates across the country, public discussions have been sparked in many states about the fairness and efficacy of drug-free zone laws.

Factsheet: Crime, Race and Juvenile Justice Policy in Perspective

African American youth arrest rates for drug violations, assaults and weapon offenses are higher than arrest rates for white youth—even though both report similar rates of delinquency.

2005 Crime Rise in Context

This factsheet includes bindings based on a longer timeline as context for policy choices that may impact crime and public safety.

Efficacy and Impact: The Criminal Justice Response to Marijuana Policy in the United States

There is no clear relationship between drug arrests and drug use, and the impact of increased arrests, convictions and incarcerations of people for marijuana offenses has significant and measurable “collateral consequences” on communities and individuals.

Ganging Up on Communities: Putting Gang Crime in Context

In an effort to better understand the national public safety impact of gangs, this policy brief examines leading national indicators of crime to put the concern around gangs in the context of those crime trends.

Ganging Up on Crime?

The Bush administration and Congress support huge cuts to programs that serve youth, which is likely to do more to destabilize communities and aggravate crime than promote public safety.

Tipping Point: Maryland's Overuse of Incarceration and the Impact on Public Safety

This policy brief highlights the large number of people being removed from Maryland communities and its impact on public safety.

Race & Imprisonment in Texas: Policy Brief

America's criminal justice policies have had a disproportionate impact on African Americans, Latinos and other communities defined as non-White.

Racial Divide: California's 3 Strikes Law

California’s Three Strikes law has been plagued with questions about racial fairness since the beginning.

3 Strikes & You're Out: An Examination of the Impact of Strikes Laws 10 years after their Enactment

In 1993, the state of Washington passed the nation's first "Three Strikes and You're Out" law by voter initiative.

Swing States: Crime, Prisons and the Future of the Nation

There are nearly 7 million people under correctional supervision in America, more people than in our eight least populous states combined. Organized differently, these people would have 16 votes in the United States Senate.

New York City's Alternative Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs and Help People and Communities

Alternative to Incarceration Programs (ATIs) are an integral part of the strategy that has allowed the City to reduce crime, reduce jail and prison populations, and help individuals and neighborhoods across the City.

Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes

While other states’ “Three Strikes” laws only applied to serious or violent offenses, California’s required sentences to be doubled for any felony.

Effective Methods of Reducing Youth in Secure Placements

JPI was asked to provide recommendations as to how youth in institutional custody, particularly those with low risk-assessment scores, could be safely managed in the community.

Treatment or Incarceration: National and State Findings on the Efficacy and Cost Savings of Drug Treatment Versus Imprisonment

This policy brief will survey research that shows that, on the whole, providing drug offenders with treatment is a more cost-effective way of dealing with substance addicted drug and nonviolent offenders than prison.

Treatment or Incarceration: National and State Findings on the Efficacy and Cost Savings of Drug Treatment Versus Imprisonment

This policy brief will survey research that shows that, on the whole, providing drug offenders with treatment is a more cost-effective way of dealing with substance addicted drug and nonviolent offenders than prison.

Race and Incarceration in Maryland

This policy brief will paint a general picture of the scale of overrepresentation of minorities in the state’s prison system, focusing particularly on the overrepresentation of African Americans among the state’s drug prisoner population.

Cost and Benefits? The Impact of Drug Imprisonment in New Jersey

Of the country’s 2 million prisoners,450,000 are incarcerated in prison or jail for drug offenses—more people than the European Union,  an entity with a 100 million more people, has in prison for all crimes combined.

Observations and Options for Relieving Overcrowding Among Alabama Female Prisoners

Even after paroling over 300 female prisoners this spring and sending 300 female prisoners to private prisons out of state, the prison facilities for female prisoners in Alabama are still operating at about 173% of their capacity.

Education and Incarceration

As of May, 2003, 21 states were considering proposals that would affect funding levels for K-12 education including across the board cuts, reducing transportation funds, slashing state aid for teachers’ salaries and lowering per pupil state aid.

Is Maryland's System of Higher Education Suffering Because of Prison Expenditures?

In a state which ranks fifth in the country in per capita wealth, Maryland's expenditures on higher education are not even in the top half of American states. In fact, in 1997, Maryland ranked 33rd in unversity funding, barely above the bottom third of all states.

Texas Tough: 3 Years Later

Texas’ prison population is once again on the rise, and state legislators and policymakers are at a crossroads: either policy changes will be enacted to reduce the state’s incarcerated population, or the state will once again expand the number of prison beds.

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