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Jailing Communities: The Impact of Jail Expansion and Effective Jail Expansion and Public Safety Strategies

Communities are bearing the cost of a massive explosion in the jail population which has nearly doubled in less than two decades. The research found that jails are now warehousing more people--who have not been found guilty of any crime--for longer periods of time than ever before.

Judging Maryland: Baltimore Judges on Effective Solutions to Working with Substance Abusers in the Criminal Justice System

In 2004, Maryland lawmakers enacted a set of reforms designed to expand options available to judges, prosecutors, and the state’s parole commission for placing addicted defendants in community-based treatment rather than prison.

Substance Abuse Treatment and Public Safety

Community-based substance abuse treatment reduces crime rates and helps states reduce corrections costs. The sooner substance abuse is treated, the bigger the cost savings and increases in public safety.

The Vortex: The Concentrated Racial Impact of Drug Imprisonment and the Characteristics of Punitive Counties

Since 1970, the U.S. has experienced a large and rapid increase in the rate at which people are housed in federal and state correctional facilities. Currently, the U.S. incarceration rate is 491 per 100,000.

Public Safety Brief: Housing and Public Safety

Studies found that substandard housing—particularly where exposure to lead hazards is more likely to occur—is associated with higher violent crime rates.

Employment, Wages and Public Safety

Increased employment is associated with positive public safety outcomes. Researchers have found that from 1992 to 1997, a time when the unemployment rate dropped 33 percent, "slightly more than 40 percent of the decline [in overall property crime rate] can be attributed to the decline in unemployment."

Fact Sheet: Response to 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report

The 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report generated concerns over a slight uptick in violent crimes. A one-year change in arrests cannot be interpreted as a “trend,” and that no single factor can explain changes in arrests across the nation, or within a jurisdiction.

Education and Public Safety Policy Brief

Graduation rates were associated with positive public safety outcomes. Researchers have found that a 5 percent increase in male high school graduation rates would produce an annual savings of almost $5 billion in crime-related expenses.

Gang Wars: The Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies

Youth crime in the United States remains near the lowest levels seen in the past three decades, yet public concern and media coverage of gang activity has skyrocketed since 2000.

Coalition Letter against Feinstein Gang Bill

The National Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Coalition comments on the new version of S. 456, the Gang Abatement and Prevention Act of 2007.

Factsheet: Response to Preliminary 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Report

The 2006 Preliminary FBI Uniform Crime Report is a survey of law enforcement agencies and includes only crimes reported to those agencies.

The Consequences Aren't Minor: The Impact of Trying Youth as Adults and Strategies for Reform

Despite a federal law that prohibits the incarceration of youth in adult correctional facilities, the number of young people held in jails across the country has exploded by 208 percent since the 1990s.

Maryland's Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentencing Laws: Their Impact on Incarceration, State Resources and Communities of Color

Mandatory minimum drug sentences fall hardest on communities of color, with nearly nine out of ten people sent to prison for a mandatory minimum drug sentence in Maryland being African American.

Effective Investments in Public Safety: Drug Treatment

Whereas in 1980 only about 8% of federal and state prisoners were incarcerated for a drug offense, in 2003, 55 percent of the federal prison population and 20 percent of prisoners in state facilities were incarcerated for drug offenses.

Effective Investments in Public Safety: Education

There is evidence that suggests that education and graduation rates may relate to crime rates, and this new research comes at a time when education programs are receiving less and less funding, and more money is being spent to incarceration—a public safety policy that has not been proven to lower crime rates.

Effective Investments in Public Safety: Mass Incarceration and Longer Sentences Fail to Make Us Safer

Places that did not increase their use of incarceration as much as others experienced bigger drops in crime.

Effective Investments in Public Safety: Unemployment, Wages, and the Crime Rate

Research studies focusing on unemployment rates and market wages have found relationships with the crime rate in the United States.

Fact Sheet: Percent Change in Incarceration and Crime Rates - State by State 1994-2004

Percent Change in Incarceration and Crime Rates, 1998-2007

Models for Change: Building Momentum for Juvenile Justice Reform

Juvenile justice policy in the United States has quietly passed a milestone. After a decade shaped by myths of juvenile “superpredators” and the ascendancy of punitive reforms, momentum for systemic reforms is growing. Significant new research on adolescent development and the demonstrated success of evidence-based practices have buoyed efforts to reestablish more rational and effective policies.

The Dangers of Detention: The Impact of Incarcerating Youth in Detention and Other Secure Facilities

Despite the lowest youth crime rates in 20 years, hundreds of thousands of young people are locked away every year in the nation’s 591 secure detention centers. Detention centers are intended to temporarily house youth who pose a high risk of re-offending before their trial, or who are deemed likely to not appear for their trial.

Factsheet: Maryland Crime Ads in Context

This factsheet includes background data and findings to put the recent television and web-based campaign advertisements by the candidates for governor of Maryland into context.

Fact Sheet: Response to FBI's Uniform Crime Report

The recently released 2005 Uniform Crime Reports, a Justice Department survey administered by the FBI that shows national arrests trends, have renewed concern that crime is on the rise.

Fact Sheet: Rising Juvenile Crime in Perspective

The 2005 FBI Uniform Crime Reports were released and some media noted concerns of a 19 percent increase in juvenile murder arrests.

Crime Statistics and the Washington, D.C. "Crime Emergency:" What is the Real Crisis and How Should We Respond

Crime, the causes of crime, and potential solutions to the Districts’ crime problems are more complicated and nuanced than they have been portrayed by law enforcement and politicians during the “crime emergency” debate.

Progress and Challenges: An Analysis of Drug Treatment and Imprisonment in Maryland from 2000 to 2005

In 2004, Maryland lawmakers enacted a set of reforms designed to expand the options available to judges, prosecutors, and the state’s parole commission for placing addicted defendants in community-based treatment rather than prison.

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