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Research tagged with State & Local Policy

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Community Corrections in Ohio-Cost Savings and Program Effectiveness

Commuity corrections programs are generally cheaper, because they entail shorter periods of control, but are also thought to be more effective than residential prisons and jails in reducing future criminal behavior.

Cellblocks or Classrooms?: The Funding of Higher Education and Corrections and its Impact on African American Men

The mild recession that began in 2001, aggravated by the events of September 11th, put state revenue into a tailspin in 2002, resulting in a $40 billion budget shortfall between what states planned to spend and the revenue they expected to raise.

Cutting Correctly: New Prison Policies for Times of Fiscal Crisis

It cost nearly $40 billion to imprison approximately two million state and local inmates in 2000, up from $5billion in 1978. Twenty-four billion of that was spent on incarceration for non-violent offenders.  

Reducing Racial Disparities: Reducing Disproportionate Detention of Minority Youth - Pathways 8

Over the past two decades, the Annie E. Casey Foundation has organized and funded a series of projects aimed at safely minimizing populations in juvenile correctional facilities through fairer, better informed system policies and practices and the use of effective community-based alternatives.

Reducing Disproportionate Minority Confinement: The Multnomah County, Oregon Success Story and its Implications

The vast majority of youth in a detention center are awaiting trial for non-violent acts, and many should not be held in locked custody.

Drugs and Disparity: The Racial Impact of Illinois' Practice of Transferring Young Drug Offenders to Adult Court

As a result of laws passed in the mid-80s, 99% percent of the youth in Cook County, Illinois transferred to adult court for drug crimes are African-American or Latino.

Texas Tough: An Analysis of Incarceration and Crime Trends in The Lone Star State

Since 1990, nearly one in five new prisoners added to the nation’s prisons (18%) was in Texas.

The Florida Experiment: An analysis of the practice of granting prosecutors discretion to try juveniles as adults

Florida is one of 15 states that allow prosecutors–not a judge–to decide whether children arrested for crimes ranging from shoplifting to robbery should be dealt with in the juvenile justice or criminal justice system.

New York State of Mind: Higher Education vs. Prison Funding in the Empire State, 1988-1998

Last spring, just days before New Yorkers were to mark the 25th anniversary of the state’s Rockefeller Drug Laws - a mandatory sentencing scheme that requires long prison terms for the possession or sale of a relatively small amount of drugs - Gov. George Pataki announced a series of vetoes to the state budget.

The Pods of Elmore County: A Glimpse into the Rhetoric Behind the Juvenile Crime Bill

A previous report by the Justice Policy Institute (JPI) revealed that, when juveniles are jailed or imprisoned with adults, they are 5 times more likely to be sexually assaulted, 8 times more likely to commit suicide, and significantly more likely to reoffend than juveniles who are incarcerated in juvenile facilities.

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