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Research tagged with State & Local Policy

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System Overload: The Costs of Under-Resourcing Public Defense

The overburdening of U.S. public defense systems that serve millions of people annually is jeopardizing the fairness of our justice system.

Gaming the System: How the Political Strategies of Private Prison Companies Promote Ineffective Incarceration Policies

Report examining how private prison companies wield influence over legislators and policy, ultimately resulting in harsher criminal justice policies and the incarceration of more people.

Due South: Looking to the South for Criminal Justice Innovations

Recognizing the significant costs associated with high incarceration rates, a number of Southern states have implemented innovative strategies for reducing  prison and jail populations.

Addicted to Courts: How a Growing Dependence on Drug Courts Impacts People and Communities

Report investigating the phenomenon of drug courts and providing alternatives to better address substance abuse issues.

Documentary: Blocking the Exit

A documentary to better understand the profound impact that requiring Governor approval of parole for lifers has had in Maryland.

When More is Less: How a Larger Women’s Jail in Baltimore will Reduce Public Safety and Diminish Resources for Positive Social Investments

Despite declines in the number of women held in the Baltimore City Detention Center, Maryland is planning to build a large, new women’s facility.

The Disparate Treatment of Native Hawaiians in the Criminal Justice System

The report examines the impact of the criminal justice system on Native Hawaiians. Detailing how Native Hawaiians are disproportionately impacted at various stages of Hawaii’s criminal justice system, the report also includes accounts of Native Hawaiian concerns with the criminal justice system. Findings from the report show that the criminal justice system incarcerates Native Hawaiians at a disproportionate rate.

Shifting the Problem: Fact Sheet on Proposed California Community Corrections Enhancement Act
California’s Prison Reduction Plan Will Overburden Counties; Misses the Mark.
Shifting prison population to jails will increase costs and incarceration rates.
The Costs of Confinement: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense

Approximately 93,000 young people are held in juvenile justice facilities across the United States. Seventy percent of these youth are held in state-funded, postadjudication, residential facilities, at an average cost of $240.99 per day per youth.2 With states facing serious budgetary constraints, it is an opportune time for policymakers to consider ways to reduce juvenile justice spending that won’t compromise public safety.

Bearing Witness: Baltimore City’s Residents Give Voice

Bearing Witness is the culmination of interviews with people from Baltimore City about their experiences with the criminal justice system. Compared to the rest of Maryland, Baltimore City faces a concentrated impact of the criminal justice system.

The Release Valve: Parole in Maryland

In the current difficult economic situation, states are searching for ways to reduce spending while maintaining safe communities. With a $68 billion prison system holding over 2.3 million people in prisons and jails across the country—with no clear public safety gains—policymakers are looking to prison systems as a place to cut budgets.

Judging Maryland: Baltimore Judges on Effective Solutions to Working with Substance Abusers in the Criminal Justice System

In 2004, Maryland lawmakers enacted a set of reforms designed to expand options available to judges, prosecutors, and the state’s parole commission for placing addicted defendants in community-based treatment rather than prison.

Maryland's Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentencing Laws: Their Impact on Incarceration, State Resources and Communities of Color

Mandatory minimum drug sentences fall hardest on communities of color, with nearly nine out of ten people sent to prison for a mandatory minimum drug sentence in Maryland being African American.

Proposition 36: Five Years Later

While the United States still carries the dubious distinction of leading the world in imprisonment, recent changes to sentencing in a number of states may signal that the country is turning the corner.

Tipping Point: Maryland's Overuse of Incarceration and the Impact on Public Safety

This policy brief highlights the large number of people being removed from Maryland communities and its impact on public safety.

Race & Imprisonment in Texas: Policy Brief

America's criminal justice policies have had a disproportionate impact on African Americans, Latinos and other communities defined as non-White.

Racial Divide: California's 3 Strikes Law

California’s Three Strikes law has been plagued with questions about racial fairness since the beginning.

3 Strikes & You're Out: An Examination of the Impact of Strikes Laws 10 years after their Enactment

In 1993, the state of Washington passed the nation's first "Three Strikes and You're Out" law by voter initiative.

Swing States: Crime, Prisons and the Future of the Nation

There are nearly 7 million people under correctional supervision in America, more people than in our eight least populous states combined. Organized differently, these people would have 16 votes in the United States Senate.

New York City's Alternative Incarceration Programs: Cut Crime, Cut Costs and Help People and Communities

Alternative to Incarceration Programs (ATIs) are an integral part of the strategy that has allowed the City to reduce crime, reduce jail and prison populations, and help individuals and neighborhoods across the City.

Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes

While other states’ “Three Strikes” laws only applied to serious or violent offenses, California’s required sentences to be doubled for any felony.

Cost and Benefits? The Impact of Drug Imprisonment in New Jersey

Of the country’s 2 million prisoners,450,000 are incarcerated in prison or jail for drug offenses—more people than the European Union,  an entity with a 100 million more people, has in prison for all crimes combined.

Observations and Options for Relieving Overcrowding Among Alabama Female Prisoners

Even after paroling over 300 female prisoners this spring and sending 300 female prisoners to private prisons out of state, the prison facilities for female prisoners in Alabama are still operating at about 173% of their capacity.

Deep Impact: Quantifying the Effect of Prison Expansion in the South

From 1980 to 2002, the number of people incarcerated in the nation’s prisons, jails, juvenile facilities and detention centers quadrupled in size—from roughly 500,000 to 2.1 million people.

Drug Policies in the State of Michigan—Economic Effects

At a cost of approximately $28,000 per person, the State of Michigan currently spends in excess of $160 million dollars each year to incarcerate drug offenders.

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