Skip to main content

Cellblocks or Classrooms?: The Funding of Higher Education and Corrections and its Impact on African American Men

In July, most states began what promises to be a difficult fiscal year (2003). The mild recession that began in 2001, aggravated by the events of September 11th, put state revenue into a tailspin in 2002, resulting in a $40 billion budget shortfall between what states planned to spend and the revenue they expected to raise.

In July, some states began calling for new special legislative sessions to raise more money or to cut more programs because revenue projections made in April 2002 were already off target. Scott Pattison, Executive Director of the National Association of State Budget Officers, reports that 41 states face budget deficits, and described the fiscal challenges facing the states as “a dire situation.”


Full Report

Keywords: Education, Positive Social Investments, Racial Disparities, Report, State & Local Policy

Posted in Fiscal Policy

JPI's work

Through a combination of groundbreaking research, communications strategies and technical assistance, we inform advocates, policymakers and the media about fair and effective approaches to justice and community well-being.

Learn more »


We envision a society with safe, equitable and healthy communities; just and effective solutions to social problems; and the use of incarceration only as a last resort. Please help us end the #IncarcerationGeneration with a generous contribution.

Contribute »

Sign up for our newsletter