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Smart, Safe, and Fair: Strategies to Prevent Youth Violence, Heal Victims of Crime, and Reduce Racial Inequality

 

[Reports 2018] Smart, Safe, and Fair

The justice system treats youth charged with violent offenses in ways that are unnecessarily expensive, ineffective and unjust.  Although the research is clear that many youth convicted of a violent crime are best treated in a community-based setting, our default response to youth violence is still confinement. In Smart, Safe, and Fair, the Justice Policy Institute (JPI) and the National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC) spoke with members of the victims’ community to further examine the barriers to treating youth involved in violent crime in the community, and to gauge their support for these proposed reforms.

The crime victims we spoke with were consistent in their support for a change from a status quo they see as costly, ineffective, and damaging to youth and their families—all while failing to meet the needs of crime victims themselves. Instead, they expressed a belief that there should be no categorical bar on serving more young people involved in violent crime in the community, particularly because youth engaged in violence are overwhelmingly victims themselves, and should receive appropriate services.

 

 

 

 

Media

Additional Resources

Patrick McCarthy, President, Annie E. Casey Foundation, TED Talk, July 2015, No Place for Kids
 
“An Exploration of the Effectiveness of Evidence Based Practices in Communities of Color,” The W. Haywood Burns Institute, 2015,https://www.reclaimingfutures.org/sites/default/files/wp-content/uploads/An-Exploration-of-the-Effectiveness-of-Evidence-Based-Practices-in-Commu...-1-1.pdf.
 
Anna Wong and Laura Ridolfi, “Unlocking Opportunity: How Race, Ethnicity, and Place Affect the Use of Institutional Placements in California,” The W. Haywood Burns Institute, 2018, https://www.burnsinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Unlocking-Opportunity.pdf.
 
“Breaking Schools’ Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement,” The Council of State Governments, 2011,https://csgjusticecenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Breaking_Schools_Rules_Report_Final.pdf.
 
Christopher Lownkamp and Edward Latessa, “Evaluation of Ohio’s RECLAIM funded programs, community corrections facilities and DYS facilities,” University of Cincinnati Division of Criminal Justice Center for Criminal Justice Research, 2005,https://www.uc.edu/content/dam/uc/ccjr/docs/reports/project_reports/Final_DYS_RECLAIM_Report_2005.pdf
 
“Close to Home Annual Report 2016–2017,” New York City’s Administration for Children’s Services, 2017, https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/acs/pdf/testimony/2018/closetohome.pdf.
 
“Crime Survivors Speak: The First-Ever National Survey of Victims’ Views on Safety and Justice,” Alliance for Safety and Justice, 2016, https://allianceforsafetyandjustice.org/wp-content/uploads/documents/Crime%20Survivors%20Speak%20Report.pdf
 
Nila Bala, Left-behind kids (Washington, DC: R Street, 2018). https://www.rstreet.org/2018/03/23/left-behind-kids/
 
Ohio Department of Youth Services, “2014 Recidivism Report: An Examination of the Re-Incarceration Rates of Youth Released from Juvenile Correctional Facilities of the Ohio Department of Youth Services,” DYS Recidivism Rates by Year of Release, 2014,https://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/Boards/Sentencing/Materials/2015/Jan/2014RecidivismReport.pdf .
 
“Parole Services for High-Risk Juvenile Offenders,” Juvenile Rehabilitation Division of Community and Parole Programs, 2015,https://app.leg.wa.gov/ReportsToTheLegislature/Home/GetPDF?fileName=2015%20Intensive%20Parole%20Model_ef504876-7199-4917-a256-2dbc9b003129.pdf.
 
“RECLAIM Ohio and Subsidy Grant Statistics,” Ohio Department of Youth Services, 2017,http://www.dys.ohio.gov/Portals/0/PDFs/CommunityPrograms/RECLAIM_Ohio/RECLAIM_Ohio_Statistics_2016.pdf
 
“Reforming Juvenile Justice: A developmental approach,” The National Academies of Sciences, 2013, http://www.njjn.org/uploads/digital-library/Reforming_JuvJustice_NationalAcademySciences.pdf.
 
Sia Henry and Georgia Valentine, “Restorative Community Conference: A study of community works west’s restorative justice youth diversion program in Alameda County,”Impact Justice, 2016, http://impactjustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/CWW-Report_Final_6.14.17_electronic.pdf.

Posted in Criminal Justice (Adult), Juvenile Justice, Racial Disparities

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