Research

From examining the role of trauma in justice involvement for young people, to chronicling states’ progress toward reducing prison populations, to highlighting the system's stark racial disparities, JPI stays at the cutting edge of the debate on criminal and juvenile justice reform through the ongoing publication of timely, accessible research.

Here, you can use find JPI’s reports, briefs and factsheets on the most pressing criminal and juvenile justice issues.

[REPORTS 2020] The Presence of School Resource Officers (SROs) in America's Schools
Communities across the country have come together to demand meaningful changes to law enforcement…
[REPORTS 2020] The Child Not the Charge: Transfer Laws Are Not Advancing Public Safety
Over the last 20 years, elected officials and juvenile justice system stakeholders have changed…
[REPORTS 2020] Maryland Faces COVID-19 Crisis in Prisons Without Immediate Steps to Decarcerate
The nonprofit Recidiviz has created an online model built specifically for institutional…
[REPORTS 2020] Restoring Local Control of Parole to the District of Columbia
In January 2019, the District of Columbia government enlisted the Justice Policy Institute to…
[POLICY BRIEFS 2019] Rethinking Approaches to Over Incarceration of Black Young Adults in Maryland
NEW POLICY BRIEF: Maryland leads the nation in incarcerating young Black men, sentenced to the…
[REPORTS 2018] The Ungers, 5 Years and Counting: A Case Study in Safely Reducing Long Prison Terms and Saving Taxpayer Dollars
The Ungers, 5 Years and Counting
[POLICY BRIEFS 2018] Maryland Justice Reinvestment Act: One Year Later
Maryland Justice Reinvestment Act
[REPORTS 2018] Smart, Safe, and Fair: Strategies to Prevent Youth Violence, Heal Victims of Crime, and Reduce Racial Inequality
[Reports 2018] Smart, Safe, and Fair: Strategies to Prevent Youth Violence, Heal Victims of Crime,…
[REPORTS 2017] The Cost of Crimmigration: Exploring the Intersection Between Criminal Justice and Immigration
Exploring the intersection between criminal justice and immigration
[REPORTS 2017] Raise the Age
Shifting to a safer and more effective juvenile justice system.
[REPORTS 2016] Improving Approaches to Serving Young Adults in the Justice System
JPI convened advocates, policymakers, practitioners, funders, and directly impacted individuals to…
Bail Fail: Why the U.S. Should End the Practice of Using Money for Bail
JPI's newest analysis shows that the practice of using money to decide release while awaiting trial…
[REPORTS 2016] Defining Violence: Reducing Incarceration by Rethinking America's Approach to Violence
In Defining Violence, JPI says it's impossible the U.S. will be able to lower its incarceration…
Crime Statistics and Holistic Violence Prevention
As homicides increase in America, learn how we can invest in holistic approaches in violence…
Gaming the System: How the Political Strategies of Private Prison Companies Promote Ineffective Incarceration Policies
Report examining how private prison companies wield influence over legislators and policy,…
The Right Investment? Corrections Spending in Baltimore City
According to a new report released today by the Justice Policy Institute and the Prison Policy…
Billion Dollar Divide: Virginia's Sentencing, Corrections and Criminal Justice Challenge
Billion Dollar Divide points to racial disparities, skewed fiscal priorities, and missed…
Parole Perspectives in Maryland: A Survey of People Who Returned to Prison from Parole and Community Supervision Agents
A new analysis from JPI shows the connection between efforts to reduce prison populations, connect…
Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration
Our new report, Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration, provides…
Report Questions Virginia’s Billion Dollar Corrections Budget
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: ZERLINE HUGHES APRIL 2, 2014 202.558.7974 X 308 202.320.1029 Report…
Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair
Virginia's Justice System: Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair points to reforms that, if…
BAIL REFORM UPDATE 2013: Pretrial Services Programs Refined and Expanded Their Reach, while the Bail Industry Continued to Fight Forfeiture Collection and Non-financial Release
This brief provides an update on pretrial and bail reform over the last year as a follow up to…
Fostering Change: How Investing In D.C.’s Child Welfare System Can Keep Kids Out of the Prison Pipeline
Children in Washington, D.C.’s child welfare system are at greater risk for involvement in…
Two New Reports Show Juvenile Confinement Reform in Five States
Removing young people who engage in delinquent behavior from their homes and communities and…
JPI Bail Report Series
JPI published three reports on the U.S. bail system in an effort to raise public awareness on an…
Bailing on Baltimore: Voices from the Front Lines of the Justice System
Third report in the series on bail that connects the first two quantitative reports on money bail…
Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut: How Collaboration and Commitment Have Improved Public Safety and Outcomes for Youth
Juvenile Justice Reform in Connecticut highlights the past two decades of Connecticut’s…
Five States Dramatically Reduce the Number of Youth in Juvenile Detention Centers
New Reports: Five States Dramatically Reduce the Number of Youth in Juvenile Detention Centers…
Mindful of the Consequences: How Improving the Mental Health of D.C. Youth Benefits the District
This brief examines the intersection of youth mental health and the justice system in Washington,…
United States Continuing to Overspend on Police, Despite Decreasing Crime Rates
Although crime rates are at the lowest they have been in over 30 years, the number of arrests has…
Measured Responses: Why increasing law enforcement in schools is not an effective public safety response to the Newtown tragedy
In light of the horrific school shootings this month in Newtown, Connecticut, some have called for…
Drop in Crime Continues in the U.S.
Crime continues to drop throughout the United States, according to the full 2011 Uniform Crime…
For Better or For Profit: How the Bail Bonding Industry Stands in the Way of Fair and Effective Pretrial Justice
Second in series on bail recommends the U.S. should end for-profit bail bonding; promote and…
Working for a Better Future: How expanding employment opportunities for D.C’s youth creates public safety benefits for all residents
This brief examines the intersection of youth employment and public safety in Washington, D.C.
Education Under Arrest: The Case Against Police in Schools
The presence of school resource officers in schools, drives up arrests, causes lasting harm to…
The Education of D.C.: How Washington D.C.’s investments in education can help increase public safety.
This brief examines the intersection of education and public safety in Washington, D.C.
Behind the Times: President Obama's FY2013 Budget
Despite the fact that prison populations have fallen for the first time in 40 years, President…
Education is Key to Public Safety
Lack of investment across D.C. causes disparities, disadvantages communities
Wrong Track for Savings: How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private prisons, can put the brakes on correctional costs
How Florida’s prison population became a runaway train, and why better policies, not private…
Crime, Incarceration Down in 2010
According to FBI Uniform Crime report data released today, violent and property crimes are down…
System Overload: The Costs of Under-Resourcing Public Defense
The overburdening of U.S. public defense systems that serve millions of people annually is…
Violent, Property Crime Down Nationally, FBI Reports
Both violent crime and property crime in the U.S. are down again this year, according to figures…
Creating the Roadmap for Reduction: Reducing the Number of Women in Prison in Alabama
This brief is a summary of the process that JPI used to develop recommendations and support their…
FBI: Crime Fell in 2010
According to the FBI's annual Uniform Crime Report, violent and property crime is down nationally.…
Due South: Looking to the South for Criminal Justice Innovations
Recognizing the significant costs associated with high incarceration rates, a number of Southern…

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